Spain and the United Kingdom are currently finalising the negotiation of an agreement on the mutual recognition of active and passive suffrage rights. The aim is to conclude this agreement and implement its effects ahead of the municipal elections in May 2019.
This agreement is based on the provisions of Article 13 of the Spanish Constitution on participation by foreign citizens in municipal elections and responds to criteria of reciprocity.
The aim of the agreement is to maintain the status quo regarding the right to suffrage in municipal elections that British citizens enjoyed in Spain – as European citizens – and the Spanish citizens enjoyed in the United Kingdom prior to the withdrawal of the United Kingdom from the European Union.
For British citizens:
British citizens residing in Spain will be entitled to vote and stand for municipal elections in Spain under similar conditions as they have been able to until now.
To exercise their right to vote, British citizens will need to be registered on the electoral roll before 30 January 2019. The requirements can be found in this link.
To stand for election, British citizens will need to meet the requirements provided for by Spanish Constitutional Law 5/1985, of 19 June, on the general electoral system.
For Spanish citizens:
Spanish citizens residing in the United Kingdom will be entitled to vote and stand for local elections in the United Kingdom as they have been able to until now. Legal residency is required to do so.
Local elections in the United Kingdom will be understood as local government elections, mayoral elections and mixed elections for municipal authorities.
For more information, please consult the information provided by the Spanish Embassy in the United Kingdom.